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58                                     PLOUA INDICA,                   [ftanwtculacefp.
petioli elongati, ssspe bipoflicarea. Cassis elongata, minus fornicata, quam iu
•forma typicff. Petala longe unguiculata, calcare brevissimo obtuso, labellum non
3. Caulis adscendens vel prostrates, 8-12-pollicaris. Folia radicaKa numerosa,
longe petiolata, renifonnia, diam. 1-2-polL. ultra medium 5-fida, segmentis rotun-
dato-trilobis vel obtuse tridentatis; caulinq sessilia, palmatim 5-partita. Flores fere
prioris, sepalis ssepe longius persistentibus.'
This is at once the most widely diffused and the most Variable Aconite, being ex-
tremely abundant in temperate Europe*, Asia, and America, in mountain pastures,
and ascending into the alpine region. 13 America and Asia it is found abundantly,
even on the borders of the arctic zone. At low elevations it is very luxuriant:
and as it grows generally in rich soil near villages or the huts of the mountain shep-
herds, it sports to a great extent. At high elevations it becomes very small, and
assumes many forms, which, considered per set would at once be regarded ad speci-
fically distinct, but which, when traced by the assistance of numerous suites of spe-
cimens, tire found to present no well-defined characters.
To the Indian botanist who has not had an opportunity of observing the amount
of variation to which this species is subject in different parts of the world, or of
studying extensive suites of specimens in a dried state, the association of all these
varied forms under one speciiic name will( doubtless appear at first sight very sur-
prising. The Himalayan forms, however, are quite similar to those of other coun-
tries. The-smaller alpine states are the same as those of Siberia and North America,
and some of the larger specimens are strikingly like Pyrenean and Spanish specimens,
which exhibit a very peculiar facies, but which even Boissier docs not consider spe-
cifically distinct.'
Though this plant yields a part of the Bikh poison of tuc Himalaya, yet we are
informed by our friend Colonel Munro that the roots or the alpine form are eaten
by the hOl-mcn of Kanawer as a pleasant tonic, under the same name (Atees) as
those of the next species.
7. A. heteropkylltun (Wall. Cat. 4722!); foliis vix lobatis, va-
cemo multifloro simpKci, floribus ochroleucis vel ceeruleis, petalorum
cucullo ecalcarato, folliculia 5 erectis, scminibus argute triquetris lacvi-
bus.—Jtoyfe7 III. 56. t. 13. A. cordatmn, Soyk! III. 56. A. Atees,
Eoyle, Jburn. A** Soc. i. 459 (ex ipso auctore).
HAB. In Himalaya occidental! temperata, alt. 8-13,000 ped.: Bras
ct Kashmir! Simla! Kumaonl— (FL Sept. Oct.) (v. t?.)'
Sadix fusiformis, perpendidularis. Caufy erectus, foliqsus, simplex vel ramosns,
' 1-3-pedalis, glaber, superne velutiuo-pubesccns. Folia radicalia petiolata, rotuudato-
reniformia vel cordata, obscure 5-loba, grosse duplicate iuciso-crcnata vel dentata
glabra, caulina late cordata, brcvissime petiolata vel amplcxicaulia, floralia oblonga
vel lanceolata. . Eacemi kterales et terminales, multiflori, laxi vel densi. Pedicelli
erecti, floribus aequales rel longiores. JBracteola 2-3, submembranaccoe, ovata vel
oblongfie, alternas. Floret ultra-polKcares, ochroleuci, purpureo-vcnosi, vel laete
ciprulci. . Sepala exlus puberula; cassis convexa, navicularisj latcralia oblique <
antica sinuosa, lanceokta. Petala ungue-late lineari subincurvo, apice in cuj
aubglobosuin obtiisum iuflatum ecalcaratum dilatata. Ovaria 5. pubesce\toja
ctdi £ poll, longi, puberuli, erecti.             .                                   f,
According to Dr. Royle, the roots of this plant are «mnk>jr$j in Indian Matcria
Medica as a tonic, under the name of Atees.
Sepala 4-5, rqgu&ia,  rfiptica.   Petala 3-5, rariua nulla, formA